St. Joseph (informally St. Joe) is a small city in and the county seat of Buchanan County, Missouri, United States. Small parts of St. Joseph extend into Andrew County, Missouri. Saint Joseph is understood for hosting the Kansas City Chiefs Training Camp every year at Missouri Western State University. Saint Joseph is filled with many lavish forests and parks as well as its very own go kart track and mini golf course. It is the principal city of the St. Joseph Metropolitan Statistical Area, which includes Buchanan, Andrew, and DeKalb counties in Missouri and Doniphan County, Kansas. As of the 2010 census, St. Joseph had an overall population of 76,780, making it the 8th largest city in the state, and the 3rd biggest in Northwest Missouri. St. Joseph is located roughly thirty miles north of the Kansas City, Missouri city limits and approximately 125 miles south of Omaha, Nebraska.
The city was called after the town's founder Joseph Robidoux and the biblical Saint Joseph. the city lies on the Missouri River. It is the birthplace of hip hop star Eminem along with the death location of Jesse James; it is also the starting point of the Pony Express. St. Joseph is likewise house to Missouri Western State University.
St. Joseph was founded on the Missouri River by Joseph Robidoux, a regional fur trader, and formally included in 1843. In its early days, it was a bustling outpost and rough frontier town, serving as a last supply point and jumping-off point on the Missouri River toward the "Wild West". It was the westernmost point in the United States accessible by rail up until after the American Civil War.
The primary east-west downtown streets were called for Robidoux's 8 kids: Faraon, Jules, Francois (Francis), Felix, Edmond, Charles, Sylvanie, and Messanie. The street in between Sylvanie and Messanie was named for his 2nd partner, Angelique.
St. Joseph, or "St. Joe", as it was called by lots of, was a "Jumping-Off Point" for those headed to the Oregon Territory in the mid-1800s. These cities, including Independence, and St. Joseph, were where leaders would stay and acquire products before they would go out in wagon trains. The town was a really dynamic location, and was the 2nd city in the US to have electrical streetcars.
Between April 3, 1860, and late October 1861, St. Joseph was among the two endpoints of the Pony Express, which ran for a short duration over the land then inaccessible by rail, to supply fast mail service. The pony riders brought in addition, in addition to the mail, a small personal Bible. Today the Pony Express Museum hosts visitors in the old stables.
On April 3, 1882 hooligan Jesse James was eliminated at his house, initially located at 1318 Lafayette, now sited next to The Patee House. In the post-Civil War years, when the economy was down, the hotel had actually served for a time as the home of the Patee Female College, followed by the St. Joseph Female College up to 1880. James was living under the alias of Mr. Howard. An excerpt from a popular poem of the time is: "... that dirty little coward that shot Mr. Howard has actually laid bad Jesse in his tomb."
The Heaton-Bowman-Smith Funeral Home keeps a small museum about Jesse James. Their predecessors conducted the funeral. The museum is open to the general public. His home is now known as the Jesse James Home Museum. It has been moved a minimum of three times, and includes the bullet hole from that eventful shot. St. Joseph is identified by the slogan, "Where the Pony Express began and Jesse James ended."
Amongst residential or commercial properties listed on the National Register of Historic Places are the Patee House, a previous hotel now maintained as a museum of transportation, and the Missouri Theatre, an ornate movie palace.
St. Joseph's population peaked in 1900, with a census population of 102,979. This population figure is doubtful, as civic leaders tried to pump up the numbers for that census. At the time, it was the house to one of the largest wholesale business in the Midwest, the Nave & McCord Mercantile Company, in addition to the Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad, and the C.D. Smith & Company, which would become C.D. Smith Healthcare.
The Walnut Park Farm Historic District near St. Joseph was noted on the National Register of Historic Places in 1999.
In 1997, St. Joseph was named an "All-America City" by the National Civic League. St. Joseph was voted the top real western town of 2007 by True West Magazine, in the January/February 2008 issue.
Location and climate
Saint Joseph is located at 39 ° 45 ′ 29 ″ N 94 ° 50 ′ 12 ″ W( 39.757944, -94.836541 ), on the Missouri/Kansas border in northwestern Missouri, also near Nebraska; Iowa is another 70 miles farther north. The nearby significant city to St. Joseph is the Kansas City Metropolitan Area, which begins approximately 30 miles (48 km) to the south. The closest major airport is Kansas City International Airport, which is roughly 35 miles (56 km) to the south. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 44.77 square miles (115.95 km2), of which 43.99 square miles (113.93 km2) is land and 0.78 square miles (2.02 km2) is water.
The monthly weather averages listed below are taken from National Weather Service 1981-2010 Normals recorded at Rosecrans Airport. Because of the Airport's location near the Missouri River and at a low elevation, official overnight lows during wintertime especially are often several degrees colder than at other places within the city. Snowfall is not recorded at the St Joseph weather station although surrounding reporting stations typically receive 12-20 inches of snowfall annually.
As of the census of 2010, there were 76,780 people, 29,727 households, and 18,492 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,745.4 inhabitants per square mile (673.9/ km2). There were 33,189 housing units at an average density of 754.5 per square mile (291.3/ km2). The racial makeup of the city was 87.8% White, 6.0% Black, 0.5% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 2.0% from other races, and 2.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.7% of the population.
There were 29,727 households of which 32.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.0% were married couples living together, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 37.8% were non-families. 30.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.01.
In the city, the population was spread out with 23.6% under the age of 18; 11.7% between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.1% from 25 to 44; 24.9% from 45 to 64; and 13.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age in the city was 35.6 years. The gender makeup of the city was 49.8% male and 50.2% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 73,990 people, 29,026 households, and 18,460 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,687.7 people per square mile (651.6/ km ²). There were 31,752 housing units at an average density of 724.2 per square mile (279.6/ km ²). The racial makeup of the city was 91.9% White, 5.0% Black, 0.5% Native American, 0.5% Asian, <0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.7% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.6% of the population.</p>
There were 29,026 households out of which 30.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.7% were married couples living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.4% were single-family households. 30.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.98.
In the city, the population was spread out with 24.1% under the age of 18, 11.6% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, and 15.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $32,663, and the median income for a family was $40,995. Males had a median income of $31,300 versus $21,592 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,445. About 9.1% of families and 13.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.5% of those under age 18 and 9.8% of those age 65 or over.
Saint Joseph has a vibrant and diversified local economy. The local area supports a large food processing industry. Bio-fuels, meat and grains processing, candies, and various other products well known throughout North America are made in Saint Joseph. With this specific industry come other associated packaging and food processing equipment suppliers that employ many more persons.
Saint Joseph is at the center of the Kansas City Animal Health Triangle, which extends from Manhattan, KS to Columbia, MO. With this advantageous location, Saint Joseph is home to several Animal Health Pharmaceutical, Animal Nutrition, and associated research facilities. Other agricultural products including herbicides for crop production are produced in St. Joseph.
Transit America Services, a subsidiary of Herzog, provides conductors and other railway technical positions for transit rail systems nationwide. Herzog Contracting, parent company to Transit America, is based in the city and provides construction services, rail equipment, rail testing, and signaling services to freight and transit systems throughout North America and the Caribbean. Attached is a list of the largest employers in St. Joseph, MO. Other privately held manufacturing companies are also top employers but they do not publicly disclose employment numbers. Saint Joseph has the 3rd largest manufacturing economy in Missouri, after Saint Louis and Kansas City. In June 2019, total employment in the St. Joseph Metropolitan Area was 65,099 persons.
St. Joseph is home to several retail areas, many of which are grouped along Belt Highway on the city's east side. East Hills Mall is located at North Belt Highway and Frederick Boulevard. The mall opened in 1965, was expanded in 1988, and was renovated in 2001 with a far more extensive renovation in 2008 and 2009. Developed in 2005, the Shoppes at North Village is concentrated along North Belt Highway between approximately Cook and County Line roads. This serves as a regional shopping destination. Other shopping districts include Belt Center, Hy-Vee Shopping Center, Hillcrest Plaza, East Ridge Village, and Woodlawn Shopping Center. Saint Joseph's trade area encompasses parts of NE Kansas, NW Missouri, SE Nebraska, and SW Iowa.
The St. Joseph School District operates three public high schools, four public middle schools and 16 public elementary schools in St. Joseph. There are three private grade schools, a private high school and a private K-12 Christian school. Two new elementary schools (Oak Grove and Carden Park) have been constructed, and both opened by the 2014-- 15 academic year. In addition, there is an active home education community that serves the city and surrounding areas. In higher education, St. Joseph is the home of a regional public university as well as a public university outreach center, a public technical school and a private technical school.
Bishop LeBlond High School
Cathedral Grade School
St. Francis Xavier Grade School
St. James Grade School
St. Joseph Christian School
St. Paul Lutheran School
Prescott Seventh-Day Adventist School
Colleges and universities
Missouri Western State University
Special focus institutions
American College of Technology
Hillyard Technical Center
Colgan Alternative Resource Center
Webster Learning Center
St. Joseph has a public library, the East Hills Branch library.
The St. Joseph Transit is publicly owned and provides bus service. Rosecrans Memorial Airport is a joint municipal/military owned airport for general aviation. It is the home of the 139th Airlift Wing of the Missouri Air National Guard, and does not have commercial service. The nearest commercial airport is Kansas City International Airport, which is approximately 35 miles (56 km) to the south.
The city is served by two Interstate highways and four U.S. Routes:
I-29, which runs south to Kansas City and north to Council Bluffs, Iowa
I-229, a western bypass of St. Joseph.
US 36, the Pony Express Highway, running east to Cameron and west to Hiawatha, Kansas
US 59, which runs south to Atchison, Kansas and north into western Iowa
US 71, which runs south concurrent with I-29 to Kansas City, and north to Maryville
US 169, which runs south to Kansas City, and north to Winterset, Iowa
In addition, four state routes serve the city:
Numerous parks, golf courses, sports complexes, skate parks, a water park, a riverwalk along the Missouri River, and a small conservation area can be found throughout St. Joseph proper. The city is also nationally known for its 26-mile (42 km) parkway system, which is accompanied by an urban trail system. Two of the city's largest parks are Krug Park and Hyde Park; these respectively anchor the parkway and urban trail on the north and south. A dog park has been added to the parkway system near Corby Pond.
St. Joseph currently ranks 201st largest designated market area out of 210 media markets in the United States (as ranked by Nielsen Media Research); the market covers six counties in northwestern Missouri (Holt, Worth, Nodaway, Andrew, DeKalb and Buchanan) and Doniphan County in northeastern Kansas. The St. Joseph area has three low-power and two full-power television stations, and ten radio stations. News-Press & Gazette, a media corporation, is headquartered in Saint Joseph. They have interests in numerous television, radio, and newspaper markets throughout the Midwestern and Western United States.
Due to its proximity to Kansas City and Topeka, stations from those markets serve as default affiliates of MyNetworkTV (KSMO-TV/Kansas City and WIBW-DT2/ Topeka, on Dish Network only) due to the lack of affiliates of the programming service licensed to the market. ABC affiliate KQTV had long been the only major commercial station in St. Joseph, but in June 2012, the locally based News-Press & Gazette Company signed-on KNPN-LD as a Fox affiliate, KBJO-LD as a CW affiliate, and KNPG-LD as a Telemundo affiliate. This in turn was followed by the conversions of KBJO-LD to NBC affiliate KNPG-LD in November 2016 (retaining the CW as a LD2 subchannel), and the original KNPG-LD (which assumed the KBJO-LD call letters) to CBS affiliate KCJO-LD in June 2017, ending out-of-market reliance for major network programming.
Local broadcast stations
Local independent cable channels
News-Press 3 NOW, Suddenlink channel 3/KNPN-LD virtual channel 26.3 (Local news).